It is never too late to make your very own “BoB – Bug Out Bag”. For now, the best advice I can give you is to be prepared and always have a Bug Out Bag ready because you never know what might happen next. And do not try to have something super complicated and expensive, you need trusted hardware that’s simple, strong and does its job effectively.

Remember, while hiking, outdoor exit, bushcraft bug out weekend, it’s a great idea to have a Bug Out Bag ready at all times.

What’s a Bug Out Bag?

choose your bug out bag model

As Wikipedia quotes it,

A Bug out Bag is a portable kit that normally contains the items one would require to survive for seventy-two hours, when evacuating from a disaster, however some kits are designed to last longer periods of time than just 72 hours.

The basic principle of the Bug Out Bag is the fact to always have on hand a bag containing all the materials necessary for the survival of a person. 

It is said that 72 hours is the time required to have the civil protection agencies, police, army to restore order and normality; and for this reason the backpack is designed to  overcome this time. You should not confuse this backpack with others to practice survival in nature.

Why do You need a Bug Out Bag?

Emergencies can occur at home, in your vehicle and just about anywhere else. It may simply be a power outage, a gas or water cut, an accident or road closure that requires you to spend the night in your vehicle, or an emergency that involves leaving home, such as a flood, fire, etc. For this reason…

bug out bag

A Bug Out Bag allows you to leave your home quickly and safely. 

BOB or Bug Out Bag is a concept that has its origins in multiple “threats” of end of the world. For many, BOB seems to be the brainchild of paranoid survivalists, yet this small backpack can actually save your life in a SHTF scenario or disaster.

Bug Out Bag is very common in the US and is a measure of simple prevention many citizens can take on their own. Most of the gear needed for a Bug Out Bag is already at home or is very cheap to acquire.

Building the Best Bug Out Bag

Note that a Bug Out Bag, as the name suggests, can help survive the time when the person is either discharged or removed from the disaster area. It should be noted that the bag contents must be in accordance with the risks involved in a given region.

Thus, it seems completely unnecessary to carry around a serum against snake bite while one is stuck in an area where it is almost impossible to be faced with a reptile. Moreover, it is not useful to carry a great amount of weight at all costs, we must take into account the transport facilities, but also ergonomics.

An ideal bug out bag should have a capacity of twenty liters (minimum).

Here’s how to build your very own Bug Out Bag. You can also save this content checklist for future use.

Step #1 Get a Backpack

You want a pack with sufficiently large capacity. But be aware that even a minimalist bag can make life easier. In the event of major catastrophe, a hiking bag or a camping bag may suffice. The Bug Out Bag can be assembled according to individual situations, preferences and priorities.

It is only necessary to keep in mind that this is a survival bag so it is necessary to assemble and, taking account of all the material that would be needed in case of disaster.

Always invest in quality hardware…this is not a movie, your BoB could actually save life of you and those around you.

Where to get the best value for money? The answer is Here are my favorite packs that are military grade, tough and quite affordable at the same time. For more more insight on how to choose a bug out bag, read this tutorial.

Pack #1 5.11 Tactical Rush 12 (FREE SHIPPING)

5.11 rush 12 backpack

Here’s a video review of this backpack.


Here’s a video review of Condor 3 Day Assault Pack

Basis of preparation of the bag – In order to properly prepare a Bug Out Bag, it is useful to think in terms of modules and each module must correspond to an important need. Keep in mind that all survival bug out bag contents must correspond to a particular module given below.

  • Food module – The first module should include food, cereal bars calories, salt.
  • Hydration module – Gourds and plastic bottles are to prioritize and keep handy.
  • Mess module – Make sure to add a mess and a gas stove.
  • Shelter and Thermal Protection module – It is important to have warm clothes, blankets and canvas tent. The module includes a compass and local maps.
  • Health and hygiene module – Add a first aid kit and soap.

Finally, this is only a list and the choice is up to you. However, it is very important to have at least one knife, a lighter, a lamp and a rope. You can find in-depthreviews of bug out packs here.

Step #2 Carry Adequate Water

We can’t live without water and hence it’s the first and foremost component of a bug out bag. Have a large bottle of water 10/20 liters in place and some bottles of 1-2 liters to carry in your backpack. You can also recycle other plastic packaging in your home that can carry distilled water (Coca-Cola 2 liter or large bottles of liquid soap (clean them well).

For buying a water purifier for survival and bug out purposes, follow this buying guide.

You have water in your tap, right? In an emergency, fill all the containers at your home. Start with the bathtub, which houses almost 200 liters and use other objects such as buckets, basins, pots, watering cans, and even plastic bags. etc.

When it comes to survival and bugging out, only a few can match the quality of Healthy Human and lifestraw.

Klean Kanteen Stainless Steel Water Bottle

aluminium canteen

LifeStraw Personal Water Filter

lifestraw review

Step #3 Stack up on Ration

At home, you must have biscuits, chocolate, nougat candy, sausage vacuum or similar product that can be consumed without cooking or adding water and long shelf life. All of the canned foods are also a viable option to add to your bug out backpack. Here are some great emergency food products from Amazon.

S.O.S. Rations Emergency 3600 Calorie Food Bar

In the supermarket you can find energy bars for athletes or meal replacements. They are very economical and for less than $10 you can get an assortment, store it in your bag and forget about them (since they have very long expiry time). Also don’t forget to sneak in some more chocolate bars, toffees and gums if you have some space left.

Remember that an adult can live perfectly without eating for 72 hours.

Step #4 Get Lighting Utilities

In an emergency, you may need lighting. These are available in various forms. The cheapest way is to use candles. In any “Chinese” bazaar, supermarket or shop decoration find many candles at bargain prices. Candles should not miss from your home as they are very cheap (a few dollars), never expire and are not affected by moisture.

A small bug out bag flashlight is another good idea. You will find many models and sizes. From key chains to powerful spotlights.

A small coil or crank flashlight is the best choice, so you do not have to check the batteries. Some of these models incorporate radio and mobile charger, which is very useful when the network does not work and are low on battery. Flashlights of these models do not exceed 30 dollars and can be easily found in supermarkets.

Even if you do not smoke, some matches or a lighter are always welcome and occupy little to no space.

Keep normal matches in waterproof boat or wrap the box with clear plastic wrapping. Matches and lighters are cheap  (less than 1 dollar) or even free if you get them as a promotional item. Here’s what I personally use…

Ultra Bright LED Lantern

[Ultra Bright] LED Lantern

Step #5 Keep Edged Weapons Handy

Multipurpose survival knives offer a lot of solutions in little space. For only 10 euros you can have one that contains a knife, a can opener and a saw. A good survival knife costs less than 15 dollars, but stays with you for life.

If you do not want to buy it, you can gather some objects from your cutlery drawer in the kitchen that meet our conditions. A small knife, spoon, fork, can opener, corkscrews or screwdriver you can spare at home are just some of the examples. Here are some high quality weapons I personally use and recommend to preppers



The most complete hacking weapon by a celebrity survivalist – Bear Grylls. There’s no way you can go wrong with this.

  • Angled blade, ideal for clearing brush or limbs
  • Robust high carbon steel blade, enhances strength, corrosion resistance and easy to sharpen
  • Full tang construction, boosts durability
  • Ergonomic textured rubber grip, maximizes comfort and reduces slippage
  • Lanyard cord, acts as guard, enhancing grip security, comes with nylon sheath

Schrade is without doubt a quality manufacturer that makes survival gear that is reliable, tough and above all, cheap and easy on the pocket.

Step #6 Store a Multipurpose Crank Radio

A small radio, mp3 player with radio, mobile radio or internet is a good idea to be informed. There is no need to go expensive here, just buy a crank radio that gets the job done. Here’s my favorite.

iRonsnow IS-088 Emergency Crank Radio

Step #7 Stock Up on Some Spare Clothes

It is advisable to have a spare underwear, depending on time of year. Hats, gloves and rain jacket in winter and sun hat in summer. Comfortable shoes can also be a good idea to have on hand.

Step #8 Store Cleaning supplies

Always being neat and clean boosts your morale.

In a plastic bag you’ll want to keep –

  • Old toothbrush with a tube of toothpaste almost finished and rolled
  • A bar of soap small
  • A roll of toilet paper or a pack of wet wipes
  • A small towel
  • A comb
  • A Razor Blade
  • Tampax or towels for women

Step #9 Stay safe with a First Aid Kit

You can have medication at home or in the car, but keep a first aid kit ready especially for your bug out bag.

I suggest buying an approved car kit (for 10 dollars from supermarkets) and use it as kit for your bug out bag. These kits contain some bandages, plasters, scissors, thermal blankets and tape inside a nylon bag. You can add something more like the pills that you usually take, a lipstick, lotion, Tampax, etc.

Step #10 Get a Sleeping Bag

This goes without saying… Whether you have to stay on the run during SHTF or hunker down in the woods, having a sleeping bag is essential.

Emergency Mylar Thermal Blankets (Pack of 10)

Stay Informed, Never Lose Direction

On your mobile, online, on a sheet of paper or small notebook, have the routine emergency phones (fire, police, etc. of the community); phones of supply companies (gas, electricity, water), building maintenance, agencies, etc noted down.

wearing a tactical backpack

Phones work for your family, friends and neighbors in their environment or outside your area in case you need to contact them.

Include original and  photocopies of driver’s licenses, permits, social security, passport, passport photos, etc. all stored inside a plastic folder tightly.

Get a map of the city you live in. This will help you mark and reach phone booths, public transport facilities, hospitals, police stations, shopping centers, etc. Buy a simple road map, which is available in bookstores or gas stations. You can also chalk out an escape plan using a map.

Don’t forget to keep a copy of house keys and car keys, a set of replacement glasses, special medication, milk powder for babies (if you require), dog food, etc. Also have a small amount of cash in small bills. It is important to make payments in stores or gas stations when the power fails or the bank card is defective or the banks get closed.

Wrapping it Up – Share your BoB Loadouts with Us!

Bug Out Bags are very easy to build and you can utilize everyday objects you have in your home or you can buy them from Amazon at affordable prices.

It depends on the amount of items you want to collect and the number of family members whether you spend more or less money. But consider that many objects are shared, such as flashlight, candles, map, radio, matches, etc.

survival bug out bag loadout

This is how you can build the ultimate Bug Out Bag and be ready for 72 hours in case of an emergency or SHTF situation.

Please share this article if you liked it! I have discussed pretty much all the items that should be in a bug out bag. If there are some other survival or tactical gear that you think must be included in a B.O.B, post your comments below.

And don’t forget to share your bug out backpack loadouts with us.